# Standard Deviation Calculator

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 Standard deviation (σ) calculator with mean value & variance online. Population and sampled standard deviation calculator Enter data values:
 Population standard deviation: Sample standard deviation: Population variance: Sample variance: Mean:

# Standard Deviation Calculator

Standard deviation, often denoted by σ, serves as a pivotal measure of variation or dispersion within a set of data. This statistical parameter indicates how values in a dataset spread out from the mean (expected value), μ. A lower standard deviation suggests data points closer to the mean, while a higher standard deviation implies a broader range of values. Let's unravel the intricacies of standard deviation and explore its diverse applications.

## Population Standard Deviation

### Formula and Explanation

The population standard deviation (σ) is the square root of the variance of a given dataset when the entire population can be measured. The formula is expressed as:

$\sigma = \sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{N}(x_i - \mu)^2}{N}}$

Here,

• $$x_i$$ is an individual value,
• $$\mu$$ is the mean/expected value,
• $$N$$ is the total number of values.

For example, if we have a dataset of values 1, 3, 4, 7, and 8:

$\mu = \frac{1 + 3 + 4 + 7 + 8}{5} = 4.6$ $\sigma = \sqrt{\frac{(1 - 4.6)^2 + (3 - 4.6)^2 + ... + (8 - 4.6)^2}{5}} = 2.577$

## Sample Standard Deviation

### Formula and Explanation

When it's impractical to sample every member within a population, the sample standard deviation ($$s$$) is utilized. The formula is a corrected version of the population standard deviation equation:

$s = \sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{N}(x_i - \bar{x})^2}{N-1}}$

Here,

• $$\bar{x}$$ is the sample mean,
• $$N$$ is the sample size.

The "corrected sample standard deviation" is a widely used estimator for population standard deviation. For small sample sizes ($$N < 10$$), there may still be bias.

## Applications of Standard Deviation

Standard deviation finds applications in various fields:

• Industrial Quality Control: Ensures product quality by calculating acceptable ranges based on standard deviation.
• Weather Analysis: Reveals differences in regional climate by considering temperature stability.
• Finance: Measures the risk associated with price fluctuations in assets or portfolios.

Standard deviation is a versatile tool, providing insights into data variability across different domains. Its applications extend beyond statistical realms, influencing decision-making in diverse scenarios.

## Frequently Asked Questions

• How do I calculate standard deviation?
Standard deviation is calculated using specific formulas based on whether you are dealing with a population or a sample. Refer to the relevant sections for detailed explanations.
• What is the standard deviation of 5, 5, 9, 9, 9, 10, 5, 10, 10?
Calculate the standard deviation using the appropriate formula for either population or sample, depending on the context.
• What is the standard deviation of 10, 16, 10, 16, 10, 16, 16?
Apply the standard deviation formula based on whether you are considering the entire population or a sample.
• How do you calculate SD on a calculator?
Use the standard deviation formula in the relevant context and input the values into a calculator, following the mathematical operations.
• What are 3 standard deviations?
Three standard deviations from the mean encompass a wider range of data points, indicating increased variability.
• What is 2 standard deviations?
Two standard deviations from the mean encompass a moderate range of data points, providing a measure of variability.
• What is the standard deviation of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9?
Calculate the standard deviation using the appropriate formula for either population or sample, depending on the context.
• What is the mean deviation of 3, 10, 10, 4, 7, 10, 5?
Mean deviation is a measure of the average absolute difference between each data point and the mean. Calculate it using the relevant formula.
• What is the mean and standard deviation of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6?
Calculate both mean and standard deviation using the appropriate formulas for either population or sample, depending on the context.